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IMF:印度经济显著放缓,需采纳紧张政策

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IMF:印度经济显著放缓,需采纳紧张政策

作者:腾博游戏 来源:网络整理 浏览次数:

IMF says India in midst of significant economic slowdown, calls for urgent policy actions

国际钱币基金组织说,印度经济显著放缓,需采纳紧张政策

NEW DELHI: India is in the midst of a significant economic slowdown, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has said, asking for urgent steps to reverse slowdown while continuing with credible fiscal consolidation.

国际钱币基金组织暗示,印度正处于严重的经济放缓中,需要采纳紧张法子来扭转经济放缓趋势,同时继承实施靠得住的财务整顿。

The fund released Article IV consultation report on India in Washington on Monday.

周一,国际钱币基金组织在华盛顿宣布了第四篇关于印度的陈诉。

"India is now in the midst of a significant economic slowdown…. Addressing the current downturn and returning India to a high growth path requires urgent policy actions,” Ranil Salgado of the IMF Asia and Pacific Department told reporters.

他说:“印度今朝正处于严重的经济衰退之中。应对当前的经济衰退,使印度从头走上高速增长的阶梯,需要采纳紧张的政策。”

India’s economic growth slumped to a six-year low of 4.5% in July-September quarter and many experts now expect full FY20 growth at below 5%.

印度经济增速在7 - 9月跌至4.5%的6年低点,很多专家估量2020财年的增速将低于5%。

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The report presented two scenarios with the second one pushing for significant reforms around three pillars to boost growth-—Firstly, ongoing clean-up of bank balance sheets should be complemented by a decisive strengthening of PSB governance and regulation and oversight of NBFCs, it said. Secondly, a medium-term fiscal consolidation path should be anchored by the Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Review Committee’s recommendation to reduce general go nment debt toward 60% of GDP and thirdly, unveil labour, land and productivity reforms. The other scenario pointed ANIRBAN BORA that the country could grow by 7.3% in medium term riding on the back of reforms already taken such as Goods and Services Tax. It backed continuation of monetary easing, but cautioned against fiscal stimulus to boost growth.

陈诉提出了两种环境,第二种环境是敦促环绕三大支柱举办重大改良,以提振增长。陈诉称,首先,正在举办的银行资产欠债表清理事情,应辅以坚决增强国有银行(PSB)管理和禁锢,并增强对非银机构(NBFC)的监视。其次,中期财务整固路径应以财务责任和预算打点审查委员会发起为基本,该委员会发起将当局债务削减至GDP的60%。第三,发布劳动力、地皮和出产率改良。另一种环境是,在商品和处事税等改良法子的敦促下,阿尼班博拉的经济在中期内大概增长7.3%。它支持继承实施钱币宽松政策,腾博游戏平台,但告诫不要通过财务刺激来提振增长。

Growth is projected at 6.1% in 2019-20, IMF said, while adding that risks are to the downside. IMF’s chief economist Gita Gopinath had last week said that India’s growth forecast is likely to revised down “significantly” in the upcoming January review. 

IMF暗示,印度2019年至2020年的经济增长率估量为6.1%,并增补说,下行风险仍在加大。国际钱币基金组织首席经济学家Gita Gopinath上周暗示,在即将到来的1月份评估中,印度的增长预测大概会“大幅”下调。

Credible medium-term fiscal consolidation path driven by subsidy-spending rationalisation and tax base-enhancing measures are needed to reduce debt, free up financial resources for private investment, and reduce the interest bill, the IMF said. It cautioned that the go nment has limited space to boost spending to support growth, especially given high debt levels and interest payments. 

IMF暗示,印度需要在津贴支出公道化和税基加强法子的敦促下,采纳可信的中期财务固定法子,以淘汰债务、为私人投资释放财务资源,并淘汰利钱支出。陈诉告诫称,当局增加支出以支持经济增长的空间有限,出格是思量到债务程度和利钱付出程度较高。

India's rapid economic expansion in recent years has lifted millions of people out of poverty. However, in the first half of 2019, a combination of factors led to subdued economic growth in India. 

印度连年来的快速经济阔张使数百万人挣脱了贫困。然而,在2019年上半年,一系列因素导致印度经济增长呈现放缓。

The IMF in October slashed its forecast for 2019 by nearly a full point to 6.1%, while cutting the outlook for 2020 to 7.0%. 

国际钱币基金组织10月份将2019年的经济增长预测下调了近一个百分点,至6.1%,同时将2020年的预测下调至7.0%。

《印度经济时报》网站读者评论:

译文来历:三泰虎         译者:Joyceliu

Ankita Gupta

useful article

很有用的文章。

MANI Arumugam

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